# Year 2 Maths

In year 2 it is our aim that all children meet the following expectation:

**Number**

- Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number forward and backward.
- Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number – ones and tens.
- Identify represent and estimate numbers using different representations including number lines.
- Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100 and use and = signs.
- Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.
- Use place value and number facts to solve problems.

**Calculations**

- Solve problems with addition and subtraction – using concrete objects and pictorial representations.
- Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts to 100.
- Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally including:
- A two-digit numbers and ones.
- A two-digit numbers and tens
- Two two-digit numbers
- Adding three one-digit numbers.
- Know that the addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot.
- Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

**Fractions**

- Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3,1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.
- Write simple fractions for example 1/2 of 6 = 3
- Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2
- Count in fractions up to 10 starting from any number and using the1/2.

**Measurement**

- Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (l/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.
- Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results usingand =
- Recognise and use symbols £ for r pounds and P for pence; combine amounts to make particular values
- Find different combinations of coins to make the same value.
- Solve problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
- Compare and sequence intervals of time.
- Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw hands on a clock face to show these times.
- Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

**Geometry**

- Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.
- Name a wide variety of 2-D and 3-d shapes; quadrilaterals and polygons, cuboids, prisms and cones.
- Draw lines using a straight edge.
- Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes including the number of edges, vertices and faces.
- Identify the 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes e.g. circle on a cylinder.
- Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.
- Use mathematical vocabulary to describe movement, position and direction, including in a straights line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn in terms of right angles (quarter of a turn), hald and three quarter turns relating to clockwise and anticlockwise.

**Statistics**

- Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.
- Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
- Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.
- Record, interpret, collate, organise and compare information.

**Vocabulary / language**

Measure, compare, add, subtract, morning, afternoon, more, less, digits, tens, ones, compare, order, recognise, find, write, share, 2D shapes, add, total, make, plus, more, altogether, subtract, less, take away, minus, estimate, mentally, difference between, difference, leave, sum, number bonds, length, volume, clock, noon, midnight, minutes, hours, o’clock, place value, hundred, number problem, half, quarter, whole, greater than, less than, orally, estimate, column method, inverse operation, solve problem, number facts, perimeter, metres, centimetres, millimetres, mass, kilograms, grams, volume, litres, millilitres, analogue, seconds, am, pm, Roman numerals. Interpret, data, present data, read data, bar charts, pictograms, tables, one step problems, multiples, thousands, numerals, equivalent, numerator, denominator, count up, count down, three quarters, tenths, groups of, multiply, times, multiple, multiplies by, lots of, repeated addition, divided by, divide, equal groups, approximate, statements, times table, orientations, describe, right angles, angles, acute, obtuse, horizontal, vertical, perpendicular, parallel.